Category: Research

05 Jun 2019

Salt-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviours on Efate Island, Vanuatu

Sparks E et al., published an article in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, on salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours in a sub-national sample in Vanuatu. They found that salt-related knowledge was high, with over 80% agreeing that too much salt could cause health problems, and that it was ‘very important’ to […]

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05 Jun 2019

The Science of Salt: Updating the evidence on global estimates of salt intake

A recent review by Thout SR et al aimed to update the evidence on population salt intake globally, following the 2010 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Studies that measured salt intake using 24-hour urine collection in a nationally representative sample between January 2011 and September 2018 were included. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria, […]

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05 Jun 2019

Packaged foods on the Mexican market found to be high in sodium

Nieto C et al., conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate how many products on the Mexican market met sodium benchmark targets. Three benchmark targets were compared against;  targets set by the United Kingdom Food Standards Agency (UK FSA), the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), and the Mexican Commission for the Protection of Health Risks (COFEPRIS). […]

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05 Jun 2019

Impact of salt reduction on health outcomes – modelling study in Cameroon

A modelling study by Aminde LN et al., investigated the potential health impacts of reducing salt intake by the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) recommended 30% relative reduction in Cameroon. The model predicted a decreased lifetime incidence of ischaemic heart disease, haemorrhagic strokes, ischaemic strokes and hypertensive heart disease, and decreased mortality rates from these causes. […]

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10 Apr 2019

Potential use of salt substitutes to reduce blood pressure

Farrand et al. published a commentary outlining the potential use of salt substitutes to complement existing salt reduction strategies. Salt substitutes offer an opportunity to further reduce population salt intake and also increase potassium intake, which will reduce population blood pressure and assist in preventing and managing hypertension. They recommend governments consider promoting and subsidising […]

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10 Apr 2019

Iodine fortification of foods and condiments, other than salt, for preventing iodine deficiency disorders (Review)

Santos et al. recently published a Cochrane Review, investigating the addition of iodine to foods other than salt to prevent diseases caused by inadequate iodine intake. Eleven studies met the authors’ inclusion criteria, seven randomised control trials (RCTs), three cluster non-RCTs and one randomised cross-over study. The majority were carried out in school aged children […]

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10 Apr 2019

Sodium Levels in Packaged Foods Sold in 14 Latin American and Caribbean Countries: A Food Label Analysis

In 14 Latin American and Caribbean countries, Arcand et al. investigated the sodium content of 12 packaged food categories, and determined that 82% of foods were already meeting the regional target at baseline, and almost half were already meeting the lower target. More than 90% of products were already meeting the targets for uncooked pasta […]

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10 Apr 2019

Dough mixing properties and white pita bread sensory characteristics as affected by salt reduction

A recent study by Georges C et al. investigated the dough mixing properties and sensory characteristics of white pita bread using three different types of salt (NaCl, Ag-NaCl and NaCl-KCl). For acceptability, the “just-about-right” scale showed 0.9% normal salt (NaCl) was optimal in bread. This “saltiness” could be achieved by the alternative salts, resulting in […]

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10 Apr 2019

Understanding Barriers and Enablers to State Action on Salt: Analysis of Stakeholder Perceptions of the VicHealth Salt Reduction Partnership

A study by McKenzie et al. investigated stakeholder perceptions of the Victorian Salt Reduction Partnership. The Partnership consists of health and research organisations that came together in 2015 to develop an action plan for salt reduction interventions in Victoria, Australia. Fourteen stakeholders were interviewed (12 members of the partnership and two informal collaborators) at the […]

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