Category: Research

11 Sep 2020

High sodium and low potassium intakes in Kazakhstan using 24-h urinary sodium excretion

Published in the European Journal of Nutrition, Trieu et al analysed the data from two cross sectional surveys that collected 24-h urine samples from participants aged 25-64 years to estimate mean sodium and potassium intake and describe dietary knowledge and behaviour among adults in two different regions of Kazakhstan. The study found the weighted mean […]

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11 Sep 2020

Salt reduction initiatives in Africa: A systematic review

Published in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension, Tekle et al conducted a systematic review to document salt consumption patterns, the implementation status and potential impact of salt reduction initiatives in Africa. From 38 studies included, the review found that the mean estimated salt intake in African adults ranged from 6.8 g/day to 11.3 g/day. Salt […]

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20 Aug 2020

Potassium-enriched salt substitutes nationwide in China are estimated to have significant population health benefits

Published in the British Medical Journal, Markland et al used comparative risk assessment models to estimate the effects of nationwide replacement of discretionary salt with a potassium-enriched salt substitute on morbidity and death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults living in China. Additionally, a separate model was conducted to estimate harms related to salt substitute […]

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20 Aug 2020

The effectiveness and feasibility of Taxes on Salt and Foods High in Sodium: what’s the evidence?

Published in Advances in Nutrition, Dodd et al conducted a systematic review to investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of salt taxation as a policy measure to improve population health. The review searched peer-reviewed and grey literature published between January 2009 and October 2019. A total of 18 relevant studies were reviewed, consisting of modelling (n=8), […]

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20 Aug 2020

Estimated social return on investment of Salt Reduction programs in Australia

The George Institute commissioned Health Technology Analysts Pty Ltd to assess the benefits of implementing policies or community interventions to reduce nationwide salt intake in Australia. Economic modelling was conducted using the Social Return on Investment (SROI) framework to assess broader socio-economic impacts of varying levels of salt reduction through three types of salt reduction […]

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20 Aug 2020

Major food companies contribute more than 50% of household dietary sodium purchases in Australia

Published in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Coyle et al conducted a cross-sectional study to identify the relative contribution that food companies and their products made to Australian household sodium purchases in 2018, and to examine differences in sodium purchases by household income level. One year of grocery purchase data from […]

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20 Aug 2020

How effective is the Eat Mediterranean Program in Portuguese schools?

Published in Nutrients, Rito et al evaluated the Eat Mediterranean program (EM) that aimed to eliminate dietary inequalities in school children. The EM program was implemented over two school years in 25 Portuguese schools within two municipalities. A pre-intervention evaluation of school menus was conducted, analysing 39 school meal samples collected from 10 kitchens that […]

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