Category: Research

06 Dec 2018

Evaluation of Samoa’s National Salt Strategy: What interventions can be successfully replicated in lower-income countries?

Trieu K et al. conducted a process evaluation of a national salt reduction strategy implemented in Samoa, investigating the reach, dose/adoption, fidelity, cost and context of implemented programs over the course of 18 months. The strategy consisted of awareness campaigns, community mobilization and policy and environmental changes. Data for the process evaluation was routinely collected […]

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05 Jul 2018

Action on Salt China

The prevalence of hypertension and stroke in China is among the highest in the world, making salt reduction a public health priority. Given this, the George Institute for Global Health and Queen Mary University of London have joined with Chinese health authorities including the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Centre for Health […]

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23 May 2018

Cost savings and health gains estimated from achievement of the US Food and Drug Administration voluntary sodium reformulation targets

Pearson-Stuttard J et al recently published a paper in PLoS Medicine estimating the health and economic effects of the proposed US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) voluntary sodium reformulation. The US IMPACT Food Policy Model was used to estimate cost-effectiveness and health impact of three scenarios; 100% compliance with 10-year reformulation targets, 50% compliance with […]

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23 May 2018

Salt-related knowledge attitudes and behaviours: does gender have an influence?

As part of the Science of Salt series, McKenzie B et al have published a thematic review focusing on salt related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours (KAB) in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension. Studies included in the Science of Salt Weekly were assessed from its commencement, June 2013, till August 2017. A range of KAB questionnaires […]

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23 May 2018

Assessment of South Africa’s mandatory salt reduction policy: meeting salt targets linked with iodine deficiency

Charlton K et al recently published a study in BMJ Open, examining the impact of the mandatory salt reduction policy in South Africa on iodine status. This study used a nested cohort design within WHO’s 2015 Study on global AGEing and adult health. In total 875 adults provided 24-hour and spot urine samples. Salt intake […]

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29 Mar 2018

Sodium intakes of US adults exceed recommendations

A study conducted by Cogswell M et al and published by JAMA investigated sodium intake in US adults. Data was used from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, with 827 adults providing 24-hour urine sample in 2014. Mean sodium intake estimated by 24-hour urine was 3608mg/d, 4205mg/d for men and 3039mg/d for women. Results [...]
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29 Mar 2018

Relationship between Dietary Salt and SBP Independent of other Dietary Factors

A recent study from the INTERMAP (International Study on Macro/Micro-nutrients and Blood Pressure) Research Group, published in Hypertension assessed whether the sodium- blood pressure (BP) relationship is modulated by other dietary factors. The INTERMAP study includes 4680 participants aged 40-59 years from Japan, China, United Kingdom and the United States. Dietary data was collected via [...]
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29 Mar 2018

Process Evaluation Informs Future Salt Reduction Strategies in the Pacific Islands

Fiji specific results from the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD) project on “Cost-effectiveness of salt reduction strategies in the Pacific Islands” led by The George Institute for Global Health in collaboration with C-POND, Fiji, have been published in Nutrients. Webster et al conducted a process evaluation and costing of the multi-faceted population salt reduction [...]
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27 Mar 2018

Salty Sausages a Health Risk on Australian BBQ’s

Research conducted by the George Institute for Global Health, in collaboration with the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) and the Heart Foundation Victoria, showed that the Australian BBQ favourite- sausages- contain on average over a quarter (28%) of recommended daily salt intake in one sausage alone. Data was analysed from 2010-2017, with data collected from [...]
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